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Wednesday, May 31 • 3:30pm - 4:00pm
102. (Objects) Packaging Systems for Pre-Hispanic Mummy Bundles in Peru

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The mummy bundles represent a mortuary treatment used from very early times of prehispanic historical process in Peru. The production of the mummy bundles was developed over time, depending on the geographical location and level of economic development of societies, so it has large mummy bundles in size and weight, some may reach 2 meters long and exceed 70 kg (154 lbs).This complexity brought a set of deterioration agents and a great challenge for preservation. One of the most damaging agents are physical forces, specifically the improper handling. For this reason, it has developed a set of packaging systems according to the characteristics and needs of each mummy bundle, for the purpose of significantly reducing these risks, whithin a methodology preventive and curative conservation that has developed in the Site Museum Arturo Jiménez Borja-Puruchuco.

The Puruchuco Museum represents one of the cultural institutions that has one of the most important collections of mummy bundles of Peru, becoming an ideal place to develop this proposal. It has been designed and developed three packaging systems considering size, weight, state of conservation and structural stability of the mummies. The system type 1 is for mummy bundles small, it consists of a polyethylene foam support and a box of polypropylene. The system type 2 size and weight, it consists in of a polyethylene foam support with internal aluminum structure and polypropylene cover. Finally, the designed system type 3 is for mummy bundles size and weight large, reaching 2 meters long and 70 kg. This system has two subtypes: horizontal and vertical. The structure of this system was worked entirely with austenitic steel and was complemented with other stable materials.The systems were designed considering a set of possible future actions such as transport, analytical studies and research in general; so they are reversible, easy to carry and protect the mummy bundle of external agents.The development of the packaging system for the prehispanic mummy bundles represents a pioneering technological proposal pioneer in Peru, that has managed to stabilize and reduce the risks of direct manipulation. Therefore, the proposal represents a successful precedent for the mixed cultural heritage conservation of large format in Peru.

avatar for Selene Figueroa

Selene Figueroa

Conservadora de la Colección de Fardos Funerarios, Museo de Sitio Arturo Jiménez Borja-Puruchuco
Selene Figueroa holds a degree in Andean archeology from the San Marcos University, Lima-Peru, and she is a specialist in conservation of archaeological cultural property by the “Yachay Wasi” Conservation and Restoration Institute. She has carried out several studies on the conservation... Read More →
avatar for Rubén Héctor Buitron Picharde

Rubén Héctor Buitron Picharde

Archaeologist and Conservator, Museo de Sitio Arturo Jimenez Borja - Puruchuco
He began his studies in Andean archeology at San Marcos University, Lima-Peru, where he obtained his degree. He carried out specialized studies of conservation of archaeological cultural heritage in "Yachay Wasi" Conservation and Restoration Institute and several universities and... Read More →

Wednesday May 31, 2017 3:30pm - 4:00pm CDT
Riverside West Exhibit Hall Exhibit Level, East Tower